Director's Cut, film, Movie Crash Course Review, movies

Voyage Dans La Lune (1902)

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And we begin – with a film you can watch on Youtube. One of the oldest movie fantasies in the genre is short enough for the average Youtuber to upload on their site – it’s only twelve minutes long.   I feel like that is some kind of metaphor for the rabid change in cinema technology, but I’m not sure what metaphor that is.

I do know, though, that for most of the film, I had no idea what the hell was going on.

Ostensibly, it’s about a team of astronomers vowing to take a trip to the moon.  They build a rocket and head there, take a nap upon arrival and are watched over by the Big Dipper and by Saturn, and have a couple run-ins with lunar creatures before coming back to Earth and a hero’s welcome. But to me, it looked like  –

  • Group of guys with wizard hats sit in a room gesticulating a lot
  • Wizard guys bother a bunch of workmen
  • Wizard guys cimb into a giant rocket and are seen off by a team of chorus girls
  • Moon gets rocket in eye
  • Wizard guys climb out of spaceship, gesticulate a lot and then go to sleep where they are watched over by creepy ladies peeking out from stars
  • Wizard guys run around and gesticulate more
  • People in lizard masks start chasing them
  • Wizards get back into rocket and splash down on earth
  • Wizard guys make grand re-entry into town, chased by a lizard guy whom they dispatch by hitting him on head
  • Happy people play ring-around-the-rosie around a statue of a wizard

The end.

But my confusion may simply be a function of the passage of time.  A lot of the conventions we associate with movies, especially silent movies – credits, captions, music – simply aren’t here.  I had only the onscreen action to rely on – but that wasn’t helping me much.

What I learned afterward is: Georges Méliès, who also wrote and directed, plays “Professor Barbenfouillis”, the main wizard-guy who proposes the expedition.  As for the lizards, they’re actually “Selenites”, Meilie’s term for moon-people, and are played by various acrobats on a day off from the Folies Bergère. But history has not recorded their names, nor did the film itself.

Meilies was from a theater background, which may have affected the structure somewhat.  In theater it’s common to have a single static set; people can come and go, the ranks on stage can grow and shrink, but audiences can still follow the action (or at least figure out who to pay attention to) because they can hear people talking.  But here…I couldn’t.

More than anything else, that’s what drove home for me just how new this film was for its time – the creators were theater-trained, used to the conventions and rules of theater, and trying to apply them to a wholly new art form – and only realizing after the fact that not only was this art form new, it was different, and needed different rules. 

Film gave directors a lot of freedom too, though. Melies got interested in film because of its special-affects capability – he would do all sorts of weird experiments with his camera to see what it would do to the filmed image; running it backwards, at different speeds, and such.  His experiment with “what would happen if I stopped and started filming mid-way” was his favorite, and lead to him being able to have the wizards “magically” turn poles into chairs, an umbrella “magically” turn into a mushroom, and the like.  Special effects was his forte in theater too, though, so he can probably be forgiven for overlooking the more mundane parts of dramaturgy.

Still – it’s a start.

1 thought on “Voyage Dans La Lune (1902)”

  1. A start indeed.
    Filmed theater with special effects is a quite precise description.
    Incidentally this used to be one of my son’s favorites. Mostly because the moon gets a spaceship in the eye.
    The fairly recent movie Hugo pays homage to Melies and this movie.

    Like

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